Excluded from schools

As ‘persons of foreign blood’, Sinti and Roma children were excluded from school lessons in many towns and cities; elsewhere, segregated ‘gypsy classes’ were put in place. Most of the Sinti and Roma children who were allowed to continue attending school were later deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, along with their families.

01 | Sinti children from Dortmund at their primary school. They were later deported to Auschwitz and murdered. Dortmund Municipal Archives
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02 | Dortmund Municipal Archives
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03 | Dortmund Municipal Archives
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04 | Dortmund Municipal Archives
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Paul Schneck at the Catholic Westschule in Hamm in early 1939. He was deported to Auschwitz in March 1943 and most probably died there. Hamm Municipal Archives, collection Mechthild Brand
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Karl Stojka at his primary school in Vienna shortly before his deportation to Auschwitz Documentation Centre Archives
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Karl Kling (2nd row from the top, 4th from the right) at his primary school in Karlsruhe in the late 1930s. In spring 1943 he was picked up from school and deported to Auschwitz, where he fell victim to the genocide. Documentation Centre Archives
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01 | Siegfried Pohl from Hamm (far left) as an altar boy during his First Communion in 1941 Hamm Municipal Archives, collection Mechthild Brand
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‘9.3.43 Police preventive detention. Gypsy of mixed blood with predominantly German blood.’ 02 | According to the school register of pupils at the Catholic Feldschule in Hamm, the two brothers Siegfried and Gottfried Pohl were deported to Auschwitz on 9 March 1943 as ‘gypsies of mixed blood’. Siegfried Pohl succumbed to the camp’s inhumane living […]
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‘(…) died on 20 October 1943 at 9.30 a.m.’ 03 | Siegfried Pohl’s death certificate issued at Auschwitz Archives of the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum  
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‘(…) the mayor of the city of Cologne (…) has ordered that gypsy children currently at various schools be accommodated in one class with effect from 1 December 1939.’ Letter from the State Administration/Schools and Universities Department of the Hanseatic City of Hamburg dated 5 May 1939 Hamburg State Archives, 361-7 State Administration – Schools […]
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‘(…) no teacher and no school place can be made available for this scum’ 01 | ‘Gypsy children attending school’, Vienna Documentation Centre Archives of the Austrian Resistance, Vienna  
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‘(…) no teacher and no school place can be made available for this scum’ 02 |  Documentation Centre Archives of the Austrian Resistance, Vienna  
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