Excluded from working life

As ‘non-Aryans’, the Sinti and Roma were excluded from professional organisations such as the Chamber of Crafts and the Reich Chamber of Culture. They were made to give up their businesses or forced out of their jobs as workers or employees. Moreover, the Sinti and Roma were subject to the same discrimi­natory provisions of social and labour law as the Jews.

01 | Anton Rose ran a cinema in Darmstadt. In 1934 the Hessen-Nassau Gau [district] office sought to have him excluded from the Reich Film Chamber. Anton Rose was initially successful in his appeal against the exclusion, but three years later the family business was placed under a definitive ban. Anton Rose was later murdered […]
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‘So far the only thing to have been stated to his disadvantage is that he looks like a gypsy.’ 02 | Documentation Centre Archives
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Members of the Schneeberger family in the mid-1930s. The musicians were later banned from performing. Four of those in the photograph were deported to Auschwitz, where two of them (2nd and 4th from left) were murdered. Documentation Centre Archives
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Bassist and saxophonist Gerhard Braun was a well-known musician in Berlin, and he and his orchestra also performed on the radio. A few years after this photograph was taken, Gerhard Braun was deported to Auschwitz and murdered. One of the violinists and the guitarist (Oskar Adler and Josef Schopper, both seated) survived Auschwitz and other […]
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In June 1933 Johann Trollmann claimed the German light-heavyweight boxing title. A few days later, he was stripped of the title because he was a Sinto. He was murdered at a subcamp of Neuengamme concentration camp in 1944. Documentation Centre Archives
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Karl Heilig as a member of the Reich Theatre Chamber. He later fell victim to the genocide. Documentation Centre Archives
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‘The special regulations decreed for Jews with regard to social law apply mutatis mutandis to gypsies, too.’ Order dated 13 March 1942 pertaining to the ‘employment of gypsies’ Documentation Centre Archives
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Letter from the NSDAP [Nazi Party], Office of Public Welfare/Hamburg Gau, 12.8.1939
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Letter from the Karlsruhe Criminal Investigation Department
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