The Hungarian Roma had already been subject to persecution measures under the regime of Admiral Horthy, who maintained close relations with Hitler.
Once the fascist Arrow Cross Party seized power in Hungary in October 1944 with the backing of the armed forces and the SS, thousands of Hungarian Roma were arrested and sent to the Komárom camp. From there they were deported to concentration camps throughout the Reich territory. Even shortly before the end of the war, Roma in many towns in Hungary were still victims of executions.
Members of the Arrow Cross movement in Budapest, 1944 ullstein bild – ullstein bild, photo no. 00046077
01 | Historical private photos of Hungarian Roma, early 20th century Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
02 | Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
03 | Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
04 | Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
05 | Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
06 | Ethnographic Museum, Budapest
01 | The camp statistics of Buchenwald concentration camp record the presence of 157 ‘gypsies’ from Hungary on 15 December 1944. LATh – HStA Weimar, NS 4 Bu 143, Bl. 371r
02 | LATh – HStA Weimar, NS 4 Bu 143, Bl. 371v-372r
03 | LATh – HStA Weimar, NS 4 Bu 143, Bl. 372v
‘List of the nineteen Hungarian gypsies from Linz/Danube who arrived at the gypsy camp at Lackenbach on 8 January 1945’ Documentation Centre Archives of the Austrian Resistance, Vienna
A Romni survivor from Hungary