Transfers to concentration camps

The SS took charge of the concentration camps early on and proceeded systematically to expand the concentration camp system. In the course of the mass arrests of 1938 and 1939, hundreds of Sinti and Roma were deported to Dachau and to the newly built Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, Mauthausen and Ravens­brück concentration camps. Maltreated as slave labour for com­panies owned by the SS, a high proportion of these prisoners succumbed to the inhumane living conditions and the reign of terror imposed by the guards.

01 | Photographs from the identification records of Sinti interned at the Dachau and Sachsenhausen concentration camps in June 1938 Federal Archives, R 165/58
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02 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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03 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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04 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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05 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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06 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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07 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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08 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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09 |  Federal Archives, R 165/58
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10 | Federal Archives, R 165/52
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11 | Federal Archives, R 165/52
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12 | Federal Archives, R 165/52
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Roma from the Austrian province of Burgenland during roll call at Buchenwald concentration camp, autumn 1939 Buchenwald Memorial Site
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A Romani inmate, with her head shaved, at Ravensbrück women’s concentration camp Federal Archives, R 165/65
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Oswald Strauss (right) was deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938. He survived. Documentation Centre Archives
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Franz Reinhardt was arrested in June 1938 and sent to Sachsenhausen concentration camp, where he was murdered in December 1940. In May 1940 his daughter Lucia (left) was deported to occupied Poland, where her mother and her two siblings were murdered. Documentation Centre Archives
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01 | Bruno Ernst was deported to Sachsenhausen concentration camp in 1938. He later died at Mauthausen concentration camp. Documentation Centre Archives
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